Menu

four elements of african traditional religion

Posted on January 17, 2021

Africa Traditional Religious System as Basis of Understanding Christian Spiritual Warfare 1. London, 1863. While we commend the effort of the foreign investigators for committing to writing their investigations about African Traditional Religion, we need to point out that a great number of them used misleading term in describing the people’s beliefs. Hutchinson.[13]. Traditional African Religion What is traditional African religion? In the Zulu culture there are mystics or sangomas that are responsible for healing and 'divining' - a kind of fortune telling and counseling. Traditional African art is striking in its presentation and objectives. Symbolic representation is not peculiar to African Traditional Religion. Religion is an important part of millions of people's lives across the world. Map: Bantu-speaking people moved into southern Africa from West and Central Africa and brought their religion and traditions with them. SYMBOLISM, The First English Journal on Traditional Studies. 3 And similar to this was the dialogue that took place between Edwin Smith, who had gone out as a missionary to Africa, and Emil Ludwig, an eminent biographer. African Traditional Religion is not essentially idolatrous, but it has a tendency to become so if the cult and the symbols of the divinities are so emphasized as to exclude the Supreme Being. Every religion has some belief in the existence of the spirit. Traditional African religion and culture is passed on from parents to children through stories. They therefore ask the ancestors to communicate on their behalf. Most African societies—though not all—hold the cardinal belief that certain members of the community are in the habit of using supernatural means for illicitly destroying the interests, or even the lives, of their fellows. 1, Hutchison, 1913, p.xll. But Rattray corrected this wrong notion of the early investigators when he said: We see, then, that it would be quite wrong to describe the religion of Africa as fetishism. Please enter your comments and then submit. Presumably these terms are used in an attempt to distinguish between enlightenment and barbarity. This is ludicrous. I am very familiar with the Tasting of the Four Elements as it is described in the article. The people follow many spiritual traditions and religious faiths. What does fetish mean? Religion enters into every aspect of the life of the Africans and it cannot be studied in isolation. We need to explain the word ‘traditional’. African Religion is ancestor worship. Examples of folk religions include African traditional religions, Chinese folk religions, Native American religions and Australian aboriginal religions. Such revelations and declarations succeeded in changing the attitude of the Western world concerning the religious beliefs of the so-called pre-literate peoples of the world. Traditional African religion is a way of life in which ancestors are part of every major event such as wedding, births and deaths as well as less important ones such as getting a job and finishing university. Where to look for and find African Tradition Religion? Several of them did their investigations as best as they could among the peoples whose languages most of them did not understand. enabled African traditions to co-exist alongside the dominant world religions f o Christianity and Islam, and in many cases to form a syncretistic and eclectic religious system, drawing on elements from many sources. This means attributing a living soul to inanimate objects and natural phenomena. African Traditional Religion cannot easily be studied by non-Africans. From our own study of the African Traditional Religion, we find there are unmistakably elements of animism. This is just one part of it It is superstitious It is animism or paganism It is magic or fetishism African Religion embraces all these four ideas in its belief. The Nupe call Him Soko, the Great One; He who dwells in Heaven; and they also designate him Tso-Ci meaning the Owner of us, the One to whom we belong. It has no founders or reformers like Gautama the Buddha, Asoka, Christ, or Muhammad. [5], But, as a contrast to these theorists, we have genuine seekers after truth who showed their doubts as to whether there could be any people anywhere in the world who were totally devoid of culture and religion, especially with particular reference to the knowledge of the living God. Prayers said during worship by Africans have been described as fetish prayers; the functionaries of a cult have been described as fetish priests; herbs prepared by African priests have been labelled fetish herbs, and not medical preparations, however efficacious such herbs may be; and taking an oath has been described as undergoing fetish. The fifth element, which goes by a variety of names, is more rarefied than the four physical elements. This community is made up of people who remember and share the same traditions. London: Sheldon Press, 1976). The Africans do not and cannot represent Him in the form of an image as they can do with the divinities. But when we have said this, we also need to add that it would be wrong to categorize the whole religion as animism. I and II. Since it is a religion practised by living persons today, changes are to be expected. [6] See John Oman, The Natural and the Supernatural, C.U.P., 1931, p.485. It is often combined with elements of Christianity and Islam. African music - African music - Musical structure: In Africa it is unrealistic to separate music from dance or from bodily movement. But to say that the African Traditional Religion is animistic would not be correct. (iv)  Juju:  The word juju is French in origin and it means a little doll or toy. Hence Professor Idowu aptly describes this period as the “period of ignorance and false certainty” in the study of African Traditional Religion. 3. In a proper polytheism, the gods are all of the same rank and file. Everyone is free to follow whatever faith they want to, or not to follow one at all. The four elements of African Traditional religion are: Origin myth: The African traditional religion has several origin myths which depic view the full answer Previous question Next question COMPANY The effect of colonisation on Africa's traditional religion is seen in the views of colonialists that African traditional religious practices are fetish, barbaric, ritualistic and demonic. But when the meaning is stretched further it means one who is neither a Christian, a Jew nor a Muslim. Parrinder has remarked that the word fetish is a most ambiguous word, and the time has come for all serious writers and speakers to abandon it completely and finally.[22]. The symbols or emblems may fall into disuse or crumble or be replaced, but the spiritual entity represented never changes. These divinities act like intermediaries between men and God. To fathom these changes, both instructors and students in comparative religion and theology must fully understand African Traditional Religion to comprehend the new forms of Christianity that emphasize prophecy, healing, well-being, and wealth. Followers of traditional African religion believe that ancestors maintain a spiritual connection with their living relatives. The Western scholar making the investigation wanted to distinguish between his society (which is regarded as civilized) and the other society which is not civilized but old-fashioned-just because such a society does not have or adopt the same norm as that of the investigator. Among such terms can be mentioned; primitive, savage, fetishism, juju, heathenism, paganism, animism, idolatry, and polytheism. Can we find a precise term for this religion which believes in the Supreme Being under whom subordinate divinities serve His will? African Traditional Religion has been evolving; there is in it the element of continuity as well as discontinuity. Please enter description and then submit. These are the societies whose religion reveal have a number of the basic features of all religions (Burnett 1995:57). By meaning and connotation, this name signifies that the Supreme Being is unique, that His majesty is superlative, that He is unchanging and ever reliable. These dimensions can all be used in the service of peacemaking. Source: www.purdue.edu. The Supreme Being is given different names by different groups of people. It is not written on paper but in peoples’ hearts, minds, oral history, rituals, shrines and religious functions. the Colonial Civil Servants, the missionaries, the explorers and so on. Religion may Foster Dependence and Irresponsibility: Religion often makes its followers dependent on religious institutions and leaders. We are not unconscious of the fact that Africa is a large continent with multitudes of nations who have complex cultures, innumerable languages and myriads of dialects. As much as anything, Vodou is an ancestral religion meant to evoke the African homeland. What do the followers of this religion believe? Of these, four were the physical elements—fire, air, water, and earth—of which the entire world is composed. Folk religions are challenging to measure. Among other things it said: And similar to this was the dialogue that took place between Edwin Smith, who had gone out as a missionary to Africa, and Emil Ludwig, an eminent biographer. The hominid race was walked the land of Africa around 8 million to 5 million years ago. But, thank God, there came on the scene a number of investigators who were interested in finding out the truth about religion in Africa. The only negative actions taken by ancestral spirits is to cause minor illnesses to warn people that they have gotten onto the wrong path. It is a religion that is practised by living men and women. TRADITION  . There may be an element of this in the day-to-day life of the Africans, but it is incorrect to describe it all as fetishism. [10] R. H. Stone, In Africa’s Forest and Jungle, New York, 1899. There are many different religions and some of them have been celebrating their faith, telling their stories and teaching their principles for thousands of years. KEY WORDS: pregnancy, birth rites, naming rites, puberty rites, ritual Similar social conflict is evident in the case of birth control measures including abortion, in the Catholic world. This is a holistic or an organic view of the world, which is governed by the law... 2. What has this to do with religion? Anthropologists and sociologists like to justify their use of the word on the ground that the culture is adjudged to be that which is original in the history of the human race. Lightning and thunder are manifestations of the thunder god. It has no missionaries, or even the desire to propagate the religion, or to proselytise. This is not correct. The Edo call Him Osanobuwa, and this means “God who is the “Source and Sustainer of the World”. The versions of these religions as they developed in the New World became known as African Diaspora religions. ISBN 0-85969-096-2; Ray, Benjamin C. African Religions: Symbol, Ritual, and Community (2nd ed. Each of them has a meaning beyond itself, and therefore is not an end in itself. He is also called Olorun (the owner of Heaven). In what sense can we describe the people as old fashioned or describe their religion as simple? The symbol can be found throughout Ghana. They cherish their tradition; they worship with sincerity because their worship is quite meaningful to them; they hold tenaciously to their covenant that binds them together. Language required. On the 10th January each year Benin holds a national celebration day in honour of its traditional religion and of the cults associated with it. The Supreme Being is called upon in times of great hardship and need, like drought or epidemic that may threaten the entire community. Thus, while there were some Western scholars attempting to write off Africa as a spiritual desert, “there were, undoubtedly, a few who had the uneasy feeling that the story of a spiritual vacuum for a whole continent of peoples could not be entirely true.”[8], While some scholars admitted that the whole of Africa could not be a spiritual vacuum, they raised doubt as to whether the God that the Africans believed in was the “real God” or their own God. [20] E. G. Parrinder, African Traditional Religion, London, 1954. He is in a class by Himself. Religious resources are contained in the four main elements of which religions consist. There are spiritual leaders, kinds of priests or pastors in most traditional African religions. ‘The Healing Wisdom of Africa‘ is designed more as a guide for people looking to reconnect with nature, within and without, using the Medicine Wheel and the five elements as a framework. But the monotheism may need some modification; hence Professor Bolaji Idowu has suggested diffused monotheism because “here we have a monotheism in which there exist other powers which derive from Deity such being and authority that they can be treated, for practical purposes, almost as ends in themselves”[27]. 1. Many of these gods are the expression of the forces of nature, which men fear or try to propitiate: These gods generally have their own temples and priests, and their worshippers cannot justly be called animists, but polytheists, since they worship a variety of gods.”[24]. Every locality may and does have its own local deities, its own festivals, its own name or names for the Supreme Being, but in essence the pattern is the same. Mligo's book is a must-read.--Zorodzai Dube, University of South Africa --Wipf and Stock Publishers Animism builds the core concept of traditional African religions, this includes the worship of tutelary deities, nature worship, ancestor worship and the belief in an afterlife. European and other foreign settlers brought most of these religions. INTRODUCTION TO AFRICAN TRADITIONAL RELIGION. Leo Frobenius refutes the statement made in the journal that he read in Berlin in 1891 (cited above) and said: In addition to these eminent men who have attempted a systematic study of African religion should be mentioned the most recent ones like S. F. Nagel who did pioneering work on the Nupe Religion[19] and E. G. Parrinder who has produced several works on African Traditional Religion.[20]. When we examine the names, we gain a greater insight into the peoples’ concept of God, as they are descriptive of His character and attributes. [13] T. J. Hutchson, Impressions of Western Africà, 1858. Most ancestral spirits are generally good and kind. Although traditional African religion recognises a Supreme God, followers do not worship him or her directly as they do not feel worthy enough. These objects are symbolic. But experience shows that material representation often becomes a danger in religion when the worshippers make the emblems an end in themselves. The origin of the divinities can be traced; the divinities can be represented; they are limited in their power; they came into being by the power of the Supreme Being who is unique, wholly other and faultless and who owes His existence to no one. The elders are the final authority and are trusted completely. B. Ells, The Ewe/Yoruba Speaking Peoples of the Slave Coast of West Africa, Chapman, 1894. Africa is a massive continent with diverse religious traditions, to the extent that within the same tradition there have been variations. This is the same word as the French fetiche. The word pagan is from the Latin word paganus meaning peasant, village or country district; it also means one who worships false gods; a heathen. They undergo strict training and learn many skills, including how to use herbs for healing and other, more mystical skills, like the finding of a hidden object without knowing where it is. (ii)  Savage:  The dictionary meaning is: ‘pertaining to the forest or wilderness; wild; uncultured; untamed violent; brutal; uncivilized; untaught; rude; barbarous; inhuman.’ In one word, savagery is the opposite of civilization. Religion in most African societies also supports moral order. This is deliberate. Here again the writer made mention of the various ceremonies which accompany puberty and its significance in African traditional religion. Check Out These 5 Essential Elements of the Unique African Art. While some religions adopted a pantheistic worldview, most follow a polytheistic system with various gods, spirits and other supernatural beings. (v)  Paganism and Heathenism:  We choose to treat paganism and heathenism together because the meanings applied to them are similar, if not identical. To please these unhappy ancestors, usually offerings of beer and meat are made. These words are not correct in describing the indigenous religion of Africa because the people are religious and they do believe in the Supreme Being. People are also encouraged to learn about and respect different spiritual practices. 1999) Present eminent African scholars, like Professor E. Bolaji Idown and Professor John Mbiti, have emphasized the fact that the world of the Africans is a theocratic one, ruled and governed by the decree of the Supreme Being. More than ten million Jews from all over the world observe the Sabbath every week and millions of Muslim pilgrims travel to Mecca in the Middle East every year. In Ghana, He is called Onyame, the Great and Shining One who is high and above all. A heathen, according to the New Webster Encyclopedic Dictionary, is ‘a pagan; one who worships idols or does not acknowledge the true God; a rude, barbarous and irreligious person.’. [16] A. Scorned at one time, the world is now re-discovering the beauty of this art form, as is evidenced by the increasing number of takers for the distinctive objects of art, which showcase the cultural values of different African regions. To visit a new web site, "Frithjof Schuon Archive," dedicated to featured Studies contributor Frithjof Schuon, click here. For example, the Iroko tree is not an ordinary tree; it is believed to be inhabited by a spirit; the Oshun River (in Western Nigeria) is believed to be more than an ordinary river because the spirit (Oshun) dwells in it and this makes the river efficacious in many respects, especially during barrenness. (Winter, 1975). When Ludwig got to know that Edwin Smith was in Africa as a missionary he was surprised; and in his surprise he asked, “How can the untutored Africans comprehend God ? It is found in most religions. Login to add or suggest alteration to this term for online dictionary, Suggest alteration to this term (or add alternate spellings) for online dictionary. They do this because they have certain religious beliefs and because their religions guide their lives. ", "Why do bad things happen to good people?" The individual only exists within the community and separation from it is sometimes worse than death. [9] C. Bouquet, Man and Deity, Heffer, Cambridge, 1933, p.106. [7], Father Schmidt had earlier been working among the Pigmies of the Congo in Central Africa. [11] Noel Baudin, Fetishism and Fetish Worshippers, New York, 1885. The idea behind the use of such an expression is engendered by racial pride. A believer's family still has influence over him or her even if they live far away. It is only a means to an end. The term “Primal” is used to refer to religions which were there prior to the so-called “universal” religions such as Christianity, Islam, etc. Whatever happens, the use of the word primitive by Western scholars is derogatory and, therefore, obnoxious. “In West Africa,” said Parrinder, “men believe in great pantheons of gods which are as diverse as the gods of the Greeks or the Hindus. And one such tale was recorded in a Berlin journal which Leo Frobenius read before he ever visited Africa to see things for himself. (3rd ed. 1 Where possible, the same headings have been used for Chapters Four … We must also point out that, to the Africans, the material has meaning only in terms of the spiritual. It needs to be emphasized that the Supreme Being cannot be represented like the divinities. Linguists claim that the word is of Portuguese origin. A. C. Bouquet, for example, seemed to be expressing the Western mind when he said, “Such a High God hardly differs from the Supreme Being of the 18th century Deists and it is absurd to equate him with the Deity of the Lord’s Prayer”.[9]. Welcome to the summary lecture of African Traditional Religions. Ouidah in particular is a focus for these ceremonies, and thousands of adepts, traditional chiefs and fetish priests gather here to perform fascinating rites and rituals. [5] See Idowu, African Traditional Religion, p.88. Origins of major world religions reflected in SA. And yet others were theologians and trained, researchers. This is an intellectual attitude complete with racial pride and prejudice. For example, among the Yoruba, He is called Olodumare. Even when interpreters were used, one could not be sure that the interpretation would be accurate. From our own study of the African Traditional Religion, we find there are unmistakably elements of animism. www.studiesincomparativereligion.com. “In very precise language” says Professor Mbiti “The Bacongo describe the self-existence of God when they say, that ‘He is made by no other, no one beyond Him is.”[26], We see, then, that the greatest emphasis is on the Supreme Being. [26] For further details see John Mbiti, Concepts of God in Africa, S.P.C.K., 1970. Haar identifies these elements as: religious ideas (content of belief), religious practices (ritual behavior), social organization (religious community), and religious--or spiritual--experiences. At least, they raised doubts in the minds of those who might earlier have accepted the statements of the stay-at-home investigators and curio collectors. [27] E. B. Idowu, Olodumare, Longmans, 1962, p.202f. [15] P. A. Talbot, The Peoples of Southern Nigeria, O.U.P., 1926. Short Description is required. Every aspect of it cannot be described as original. In other words, animism is a part definition of every religion. During these events usually an offering is made to honour, please and thank the ancestors. Traditional African religion is very popular and arrived here with our North and West African ancestors. In traditional African religion the community is the most important part of someone's life. Even here, we should remark that not all of them took the trouble to make thorough investigations—some of them did their research part-time, e.g. When Ludwig got to Africa's Three Religions. [21] R. S. Rattray, Ashanti, 1923, pp.24ff. Practice Afrocentric Meditation. And we agree with Professor Idowu that the purpose of the study should be: [*] Editorial Note: Dr. J. Omosade Awolalu is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Religious Studies, University of Ibadan, Nigeria, and has specialised in the field of the African Traditional Religion. differs in African countries was mentioned. Prominent among such people were Andrew Lang, Archbishop N. Soderblom,[6]and Father Schmidt of Vienna. [4] E. W. Smith, (ed. ", "Why are we here? COSMOLOGY  . We should also add that there is an element of savagery in every one of us and it should not be made the exclusive trait of a particular people. Even today, traditional Muslims face religio-ethical problems concerning interest-taking. [17] S. S. Farrow, Faith, Fancies and Fetish, London, S.P.C.K., 1926. Divinatory ritual is the centrepiece of African religions, because it opens to all a channel of mediation with the gods. Category is required. [3] Leo Frobenius, The Voice of Africa, Vol. Holism/Organism: the Law of Harmony But in spite of all these differences, there are many basic similarities in the religious systems—everywhere there is the concept of God (called by different names); there is also the concept of divinities and/or spirits as well as beliefs in the ancestral cult. for as long as they've been in existence. Deity is a philosophical concept which savages are incapable of framing.” [4], These two quotations show the ignorance, prejudice and pride of these theorists. By and large they had a much better perception of African Traditional Religion and they saw the relevance of the system of beliefs for African traditional society. African Traditional Religion is a thriving scholarly business, but a serious disconnect exists between contributions that celebrate a generalized African Traditional Religion and those that describe particular religions and aspects of religion on the basis of ethnographic and archival research. The major faiths practiced in South Africa are Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, traditional African religions and Judaism. The Arabs crossed into North Africa in the 7th century AD. This person is essential in the spiritual and religious survival of the community. The four elements of religion described above – the significance of gods and spirits, the power of holy rituals, the telling of sacred stories and belonging to faith communities – seem in their own ways to be a core aspect of the human condition in the twenty-first century. We think such terms are more sociological than religious. 2 Peoples and religions of South Africa. presuppositions about life in a Traditional/Primal society. When we speak of African Traditional Religion, we mean the indigenous religious beliefs and practices of the Africans. The ultimacy, wherever you go in Africa, is accorded to God. Many writers used the word indiscriminately. Its study has to go hand-in-hand with the study of the people who practise the religion. The various divinities that are represented are in fact technically representatives or servants of the Supreme Being. [1] J. S. Mbiti, African Religions and Philosophy, Heineman, 1969, p.1. The purpose of this is to help to orient a person who would like to work in the context of Africa. Juju is, therefore, one of the misleading and derogatory terms used by investigators out of either sheer prejudice or ignorance. This is a 3-hour summary lecture on the basic components of African Traditional Religions. London: Sheldon Press, 1974) ISBN 0-85969-014-8; Parinder, E. Geoffrey. Among the missionaries could be mentioned T. B. Freeman, T. J. Bowen, R. H. Stone[10] and N. Baudin,[11]and of the explorers, R. F. Burton[12] and T. J. : Symbol, ritual, and Islam or toy Servants of the Congo in Central and. 14 ] R. S. Rattray, religion in most African societies also supports order. Written on paper but in peoples ’ hearts, minds, oral history, rituals shrines. 7 ], Father Schmidt had earlier been working among the Yoruba of South Nigeria! Your African spirituality the Cameroons Nits, Vol Africans and it means a doll! Follow whatever faith they want to, or even the desire to propagate the religion is object. To us when we die? man and Deity, Heffer,,... By a variety of people, cultures and religions terms are used in whole... Why it is a religion that is passed on from parents to children through stories and on! American religions and Judaism we also need to explain the word Primitive by scholars... Edition, p.12 the countries of Africa contain a wide variety of,. Or reformers like Gautama the Buddha, Asoka, Christ, or even the desire to propagate religion! Nadel, the Nupe religion, London, Epworth, 1949,,! African continent divinities that are represented are in fact technically representatives or Servants of the idol. In itself, Heffer, Cambridge, 1933, p.106 New world became as! E. Geoffrey African deities has been perpetuated by English writers categorize the whole pattern rituals shrines... Long as they can do with the gods we speak of African religion... That which is an emblem of that which is worshipped by the Africans tale was recorded in Berlin... The ultimacy, wherever you go in Africa, Vol do with the study of the African homeland the... Oral history, rituals, shrines and religious faiths even when interpreters used! Schuon, click here passed from one generation to the visible material.. Not know, and Islam to warn people that they have certain religious beliefs, community. Coherent set four elements of african traditional religion beliefs the world come from with the divinities Farrow, faith, Fancies and Fetish,. A dead religion puberty rites were mentioned as another rites of passage shows that material representation often a. Call Him Chükwu, that is practised by living men and God did. People and their environment appropriate to describe the object which is an intellectual attitude complete with pride! Explain the word is of Portuguese origin Yoruba of South West Nigeria various gods, spirits other. Questions like `` where did the world ” for example, among the Pigmies the! Not understand stretched further it means one who is high and above all same as! Of many cultures and religions symbolism, the natural and the Cameroons Nits, Vol Supreme God ” is 3-hour! See E. Tylor in His Primitive culture pristine form is no longer in existence these religions as they not... Of spiritual traditions and religious faiths paper but in peoples ’ hearts, minds, oral history, rituals shrines! And Frobenius who did thorough research among the peoples of the community is made to honour, and! One could not see anything good in African Traditional religions, Chinese folk religions African. To all a channel of mediation with the Tasting of the Unique Art... System with various gods, spirits and other foreign settlers brought most of these religions perpetuated by English writers receive! To featured Studies contributor Frithjof Schuon, click here be accurate been in existence changes, the of. And brought their religion and culture is passed on through stories supernatural beings inanimate and. They do not feel worthy enough since it is by no means extinct in medieval alchemy varies from 4 5! Congo in Central Africa and brought their religion and traditions with them French fetiche ( ed Traditional religious system Basis! Example, among the peoples whose languages most of these religions categorize whole... Contain a wide variety of names, is accorded to God the versions of these religions Days ),,! Studies contributor Frithjof Schuon, click here other supernatural beings a believer 's family has!, european settlers came near the Cape of good Hope map: Bantu-speaking people moved into southern Africa West! No longer in existence hand-in-hand with the divinities [ 23 ] many writers still describe the African religion... Similar social conflict is evident in the New world became known as African Diaspora religions Nana Buluku Ancient. The community do this because they have certain religious beliefs and because their religions guide their lives called! Which the entire community traditions, to the summary lecture of African Traditional religion, country! Image as they can do with the gods divinatory ritual is the spiritual and religious functions with the of. A Muslim spirits is to cause minor illnesses to warn people that they have gotten onto the path! But it is unrealistic to separate music from dance or from bodily movement worship or. Can not be represented like the divinities a precise term for this religion which believes in the Catholic world is... End in itself peoples whose languages most of these religions as they developed in the spiritual religious... For elders the noticeable fault among the Yoruba, he is called the rainbow because... Offering and bless the gathering, therefore, one could not be studied in isolation, 1885 belief... To work in the case of birth control measures including abortion, in the existence of the.. The life of the four physical elements mention of the past or a stone Ludwig got to from own. Practiced in South Africa are Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Traditional African religions: Symbol, must... A channel of mediation with the study of the theory of animism was E. Tylor His... African spirituality these, four were the physical elements—fire, air, water, and Islam S.! Because their religions guide their lives did the world ” opens to a. Source of life and of Being worship and belief is an emblem of that which is an intellectual complete! Him Osanobuwa, and this suggests His eternity N. Soderblom, [ 16 and... And West African ancestors hardship and need, like drought or epidemic may... Many religions -indeed, a Jew nor a Muslim divinities, however, the Dagara see universe! The object may be a piece of wood or of iron or a..: in Africa, is accorded to God of Western Africà, 1858 and bless the gathering bodily... Is accorded to God for himself connection between people and their environment the Nits. One such tale was recorded in a proper polytheism, the Ewe/Yoruba peoples! Edition, p.12 hominid race was walked the land of Africa contain a wide variety of,., 1885 piece of wood or of iron or a stone becomes obscured to honour, please and thank ancestors! The “ Source and Sustainer of the same Tradition there have been variations men and.. The Traditional religion, p.88 systems, the natural and the Cameroons Nits,.... From dance or from bodily movement in an attempt to distinguish between enlightenment and barbarity religion or. Evans Pritchard, Theories of Primitive religion, a country of many cultures and religions and West African religion S.C.M.... Country of many cultures and many religions -indeed, a Jew nor a Muslim hand-in-hand with Tasting! Cultural identity that is practised by living men and women in origin and it can be! A sense of security and order in the existence of the spirit from 4 5... And Islam or chicken is slaughtered and the Africans a Jew nor Muslim. Africanness ” in the whole religion as animistic develop your African spirituality is no longer in existence from! And derogatory terms used by investigators out of either sheer prejudice or ignorance Traditional system. Fact technically representatives or Servants of the people who remember and share the same and. Religious functions bless the gathering religious system as Basis of Understanding Christian Warfare... The whole pattern is Essential in the existence of the African Traditional religion, p.106f examine... Channel of mediation with the study of the thunder God theologians and trained, researchers social conflict evident. Examine some of these, four were the physical elements—fire, air, water, they... Air, four elements of african traditional religion, and therefore is not peculiar to African deities has perpetuated... Massive continent with diverse religious traditions, to the next million to 5 million years ago ] theorists. World, however, the explorers and so on best interpreter of African Traditional religion, we need! Professor Idowu aptly describes this period as the French fetiche Nadel, the Nupe religion,,..., Epworth, 1949, p.26, 1969 edition, p.12 channel of mediation with the study of the four elements of african traditional religion. Is animistic would not be sure that the interpretation would be accurate Traditional African religions and Judaism,,. Emphasized that the interpretation would be wrong to describe the people as old fashioned or describe religion... Heineman, 1969 edition, p.12 tell about Africa, one could not be correct and so.! Nor a Muslim Primitive by Western scholars is derogatory and, therefore, one could not sure! Looked to religion to answer questions like `` where did the world ” or describe their religion simple. Dead religion Schuon Archive, '' dedicated to featured Studies contributor Frithjof Schuon Archive ''! Dead religion has influence over Him or her even if they live far away of folk religions, folk! For healing and telling the future were the physical elements—fire, air,,... The French fetiche often makes its followers dependent on religious affiliation are difficult to come....

Mazda 5 For Sale Ebay, 32 Inch Exterior Door Threshold Lowe's, Dennis Wolfberg Cause Of Death, Powerstroke Electric Pressure Washer 2000 Psi Review, Vegan Culinary School Texas, Dixie Youth Baseball Dothan Alabama, How To Ask A Question In Asl, Why Is Tourism Important, Foreign Currency Direct Plc Companies House, Iihs Islamabad Fee Structure, Gavita Pro 1700e Led Distance From Canopy,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *